….that won’t be on the AP exam.
For years I have been banging on about what I consider to be the strange practice of calling a course ‘AP Chemistry’, and then delivering content that won’t be on the exam – I’ve never understood it, and never will. My argument has always been this; why not call your course something other than ‘AP Chemistry’? I believe that if AP Chemistry is in your course catalog and on your door, then you have an obligation to teach THAT content, and not to go off on tangential conversations.
Anyway, this post is not really about that particular pet peeve of mine, rather it’s to help students to recognize some of things that are irrelevant to the exam, but that their teachers may still be teaching them. This will allow students to prioritize, and subsequently to (hopefully) score better on the AP Chemistry exam.
Below is a list of ten popular things that still persist on many teachers agendas, but won’t appear on the current, AP Chemistry exam. (You may want also like to read this post).
10. Types of ionic crystal such as FCC, BCC and types of packing such as ABA and ABC etc.
This has NEVER been necessary – ever, and it’s a common mistake that AP chemistry teachers make in teaching it. It has its origins in the fact that most college textbooks do cover this, and many teachers insist on using the text as a guide as to what to teach in an AP course- big mistake.
9. Nuclear Chemistry.
Not examined on the new curriculum. Is it worth knowing that nuclear decay is a first order decay process in a kinetics context? Maybe, but only as far as familiarity is concerned, and you do NOT need to know any nuclear chemistry in order to answer those kinetics questions that could use nuclear decay as an example of first order kinetics.
8. Molecular Orbital Theory.
MO has been ‘off the table’ for decades, but now there is a specific exclusion statement.
7. Quantum numbers.
Yes you need to understand the relevance of the principal quantum number (n), but l, m and spin quantum numbers are all off the table in the new curriculum. Ditch them.
6. Transition metal chemistry.
The only reason that I ever taught any transition metal chemistry was the old, Net Ionic Equation (NIE) writing question on the old exam. With that question now removed, and the loss of Lewis acid and base theory (see #4), it’s time to can TM for good. Having said that, there is a caveat here.
EK 3.B.2.b., which has the HUGELY confusing (and as far as I am concerned the completely unresolved), ‘prior knowledge’ nonsense, does muddy the water a bit. In short, the days of needing to write NIE’s showing the formation of complex ions when ligands react with hexa-aqua transition metal solutions, OR equations to show the destruction of amino containing complexes when reacted with acids, are, IMO, basically gone. Maybe one could use a complex to test/illustrate a LO in EU 3A or EU 3B, but that’s seems highly unlikely. It’s also true that a complex ion could be used to illustrate equilibrium like this, but again, no knowledge of complex ions is required.
5. Extensive Organic Chemistry.
There is no LO that could be twisted into a question that requires organic chemistry knowledge IMO – really there isn’t – so there really is no need to know any organic chemistry, but I will throw in some caveats.
- The combustion of hydrocarbons is mentioned in Big Idea 3, so you certainly know how hydrocarbons undergo combustion
- There is a need to know about pi bonding via the overlap of p orbitals, and alkenes/benzene may be the easiest way to illustrate this, although that’s not the only way to do that and it’s certainly not the point of mentioning pi bonds. When I read LO 2.21, I find it difficult to foresee a question that requires any specific organic knowledge, this is much more about multiple bonds being made up of sigma and pi bonds, and what this means for hybridization
- There are some IMF questions that could come up, that could use organic & bio-organic molecules (proteins/amino acids) to illustrate said forces, but again, organic chemistry knowledge would likely only give familiarity (a good thing) rather then be specifically necessary
- A familiarity with a few functional groups might help contextualize a few things (I am thinking specifically of Ka & Kb situations with carboxylic acids and amines for example), but again, not specifically required IMO
4. Lewis Acids and Bases.
Gone from the new exam. Is it wise? That’s a different question, but you don’t have to know the definition of acids and bases in terms of electron pairs.
3. Phase diagrams.
Gone*. A lot of teachers cling to phase diagrams as if their lives depended on it, but they shouldn’t.
*Again, there is a mention of phase diagrams as ‘prior knowledge’, which we currently understand to mean that a phase diagram could be given in the stem/preamble of a set of MCQ’s, but that no knowledge of phase diagrams per se would ever be required.
Calculation of molality will not appear on the AP exam. This leads us to #1,
1. Colligative properties.
Without molality, freezing point depression, boiling point elevation and osmotic pressure will not be examined. They have gone, no caveats!
Some of these topics have been off the exam for decades, even though you could vaguely justify including them based on the old “acorn book”. They were off, because over the course of those years they never got tested on either form of the exam. Makes me wonder what current learning objectives or science practices etc.. will become suspect years from now, because they are rarely actually tested.
Well…of the ten listed above, before the 2013-14 school year, I was still teaching (since it was necessary to do so) #9, #7, some #6, some #5, #4, #3, #2 and #1! I bet you were, too! #10 and #8 are the ones that I would put in the category you have identified.
What about De Broglie’s equation calculations? Also, what about calculations involving an electron dropping energy levels? Ex: An electron goes from n=6 to n=2 Calculate the energy associated with this shift of the electron. The equations/ constants are no longer given on the exam, so I would assume understanding how to do these calculations is off the table now.
You would be correct. Dr Broglie was NEVER part of the the (old) exam, and although the Rydberg equation was part of the legacy exam, since it has been removed from the equations and constants sheet for the new exam, it is reasonable to assume that no QUANTITATIVE questions will be asked about it. Please note however, that QUANTITATIVE questions regarding E = hν and c = λν, are still very much on the table, as are QUALITATIVE questions regarding electrons moving around from energy level to energy level that don’t require Rydberg.
Adrian do you offer any AP chemistry review guides that you have developed?
My first year teacher AP chemistry. It has been work but fun work!
I very much appreciated your comments over the summer concerning your approach to Lab. I adopted your method of doing many labs but focusing more on making sure they theory behind the labs rather than assigning detailed lab reports. I think that was you who made that comment. 🙂
Your site is a wonderful resource for anyone taking AP chemistry.